Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD)

Definition: Chronic inflammation of the bowel that could be due to abnormal immune system response to the enteric flora. There are generally 2 types: Chron’s disease (CD) and Ulcerative colitis (UC). Diagnosis of exclusion, bimodal onset (15-25 and 50-80)....

Irritable Bowel Syndrome

Definition: Relapsing abdominal pain with bloating, flatulence and change in bowel habits (alternating diarrhea and constipation) that improves with defecation, seen in middle aged women. This condition is a diagnosis of exclusion Etiology and association Unknown...

Jaundice

Jaundice is defined as the yellow discoloration of the skin, earliest sign is slceral icterus (yellow discoloration of the sclera) that can be from overproduction or underclearance of bilirubin. Due to increase serum bilirubin (total) >2.5mg/dL, arising from...

Hepatitis

Hepatitis is defined as the inflammation of the liver. There are many causes of inflammation of the liver, including infectious and non-infectious causes. They can be viral or non-viral like alcoholism, acetaminophen, autoimmune etc. The 4 most common cause of liver...

Colonic Polyps

A polyp is any protrusion or elevation of the intestinal surface into the lumen. A polyp can occur in esophagus, stomach, small intestine, gall bladder and Colon (most common). We will focus on colonic polyps since they have relevance in developing into colon cancer....

Diverticular Disease

Diverticulosis is defined as the outpouching of the mucosa and submucosa through the muscularis propria (false diverticulum since only 2 layers are involved). This is a very common condition in the western world, especially among older patients. However,...